Thanks for taking interest in what’s happening at WRRC. Check this section often for recent announcements, scholarship opportunities, and other important news.
Summer 2021 WRRC Faculty Tenure and Promotion
Congratulations to Dr. Leah Bremer, promotion to Associate Specialist of Environmental Management – WRRC and The Economics Research Organization of the University of Hawai‘i
April 12 –15, 2021
11 am – 3 pm Hawaii Standard Time
INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL ISLANDS WATER CONFERENCE
Tropical Island Water Futures: Water for People and Ecosystems in the Face of Change
On behalf of the University of Hawai‘i Water Resources Research Center and the Hawai‘i EPSCoR, we are pleased to announce the International Tropical Islands Water Conference. Join us for this virtual event to learn and discuss the importance of managing and understanding our water resources across a broad range of tropical island settings.
University of Hawai‘i Offers a New Hands-on Research Course Designed for Undergraduates for Fall 2021
Transformational Research Experiences for Early Undergraduates (TReX) is an introductory course that provides discovery-based investigation and hands-on experiences in a wide range of science fields. The course is divided into 4-week learning modules that will be taught by researchers at four UH Mānoa research facilities on and off campus:
• Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology
• Lyon Arboretum
• UH Cancer Center
• Water Resources Research Center
No prerequisites. For Fall 2021.
To register for the course, or request more information, contact:
Dr. Judy Lemus, firstname.lastname@example.org
Forest Restoration and Ecohydrology Researcher Aurora Kagawa-Viviani Joins WRRC
Dr. Aurora Kagawa-Viviani is leading the two-year project “Understanding Forest Restoration in Hawai‘i,” focused on gathering and synthesizing knowledge about forest restoration and ecohydrology in Hawai‘i. The aim of this important study is to provide resource managers and communities with the tools and approaches to guide their future decisions impacting Hawai‘i’s forested landscapes.
This project is supported through a partnership with the UH Hilo Hawaiʻi Cooperative Studies Unit, UH Mānoa Water Resources Research Center, and the USGS Pacific Islands Ecosystems Research Center.
Book Release by Dr. Niels Grobbe — Seismoelectric Exploration: Theory, Experiments, and Applications
WRRC’s affiliate researcher Dr. Niels Grobbe and co-authors André Revil, Zhenya Zhu, and Evert Slob have published a book entitled “Seismoelectric Exploration: Theory, Experiments, and Applications (Geophysical Monograph Series).”
Why is seismoelectric exploration so significant? The seismoelectric method is the naturally occurring coupling of seismic waves to electromagnetic fields, and can provide insight into important properties of porous media. This method has diverse potential uses in the geological, environmental and engineering fields, such as characterizing groundwater aquifers, contaminant plumes, earthquake detection, and oil and gas exploration—and offers a number of advantages over conventional geophysical methods.
American Geophysical Union
Seismoelectric Exploration: Theory, Experiments, and Applications can be obtained from Wiley, Amazon, and all major bookstores.
Dr. Roger Babcock Joins Honolulu Mayor Blangiardi’s Cabinet
The WRRC ohana is proud to announce Roger Babcock’s appointment as the Director and Chief Engineer of the Department of Facility Maintenance for the City and County of Honolulu. Dr. Babcock’s distinguished contributions at WRRC and in Civil and Environmental Engineering at UH ensure he will be an excellent addition to Mayor Rick Blangiardi’s cabinet.
Facebook Hawaii News Now—Blangiardi holds first news conference as mayor, January 2, 2021. https://www.facebook.com/
Cesspools: Hawai‘i’s Dirty Little Secret
Congratulations to Michael Mezzacapo (WRRC Outreach Specialist) and colleagues who recently published an article in the Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education. Upgrading Hawai‘i’s antiquated cesspools is challenging and requires collaboration from many key sectors, including government, nonprofits, local businesses, and academia. This paper provides an overview of the ongoing problem through multiple disciplines and can be used as (1) a resource for policy-makers drafting future conversion plans, and (2) applied to Pacific communities with similar onsite sewage disposal system (OSDS) concerns.
Approximately 88,000 cesspools in Hawai‘i release nearly 55 million gallons per day (mgd) of sewage into the ground. These OSDS are substandard because they lack primary treatment and discharge pathogens and nutrients into groundwater and eventually, the ocean. This timely and significant review by a team of University of Hawai‘i researchers reviewed the status of wastewater pollution around the Hawaiian Islands and the associated impacts to water resources, nearshore ecosystems, and human health. The results of their research highlighted the urgency to upgrade a majority of the cesspools currently used in Hawai‘i and for the creation of a statewide cesspool conversion plan with a transparent, adaptable framework.
Find out more in “Hawai‘i’s Cesspool Problem: Review and Recommendations for Water Resources and Human Health.” Link to article: https://ucowr.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Issue-170.pdf
Photo: Cesspool—courtesy of Laulea Engineering, LLC
Please welcome geoscientist Dr. Lionel Benoit, an Early Postdoc Mobility research fellow from the Swiss National Science Foundation. At WRRC, his research will investigate how topography and atmospheric circulation interact to generate the steep gradients of precipitation observed in most tropical islands, and in particular in Hawai‘i. The goal of the project is to develop a stochastic model that is able to explore the space-time variability of rainfall over the Hawaiian Islands and its possible evolution from climate change.
Photo: Rain gauge installation in the Swiss Alps (left) and Tahiti (right)
In 2018, the Environmental Center Project (ECP) was established to preserve the unique and crucial documents accumulated by the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Environmental Center (EC) since its inception in 1970. Through hard work and a logistically challenging process, the ECP—lead by Kieko Matteson, Associate Professor of Environmental and French History in the UH History Department; Dr. Sara Bolduc, an urban planner; and their four student assistants—have made substantial progress in this massive undertaking. While much more work needs to be done, at least a third of the 1,400 historically significant hardcopies have been preserved, converted, and uploaded on the web to enable present and future generations free access to the information.
The full article by Dr. Matteson is available at this link.
View article at University of Hawai‘i News (4 November 2020): https://www.hawaii.edu/news/2020/11/04/project-protects-environmental-history/
Congratulations to Leah Bremer and colleagues who published “Increasing Decision Relevance of Ecosystem Service Science” in the journal Nature Sustainability.
New research published in Nature Sustainability (link) demonstrates that sound environmental policy requires improved understanding of the diverse ways that people benefit from and relate to these systems. The study emphasizes the importance of inclusive and people-focused research as a key ingredient for nature to be better included and factored into policies, sustainable development plans, and other management decisions.
Dr. Leah Bremer, a co-author on this study, emphasizes that, “we need truly collaborative, community-engaged, and interdisciplinary work that incorporates multiple perspectives and world views on the diverse ways that people relate to and depend on ecosystems. Equity and inclusion need to be centered in this work.”
Photo caption: Nature matters to people in many different ways. Old growth forest in the Ecuadorian Amazon, for example, is an ancestral home for indigenous communities, a natural water filtering system for downstream settlements, and a site of inspiration and spirituality for local communities and visitors alike. Focusing on the many ways this forest matters to people is central in its effective and just management.
Leah Bremer is a research faculty member with the Water Resources Research Center (https://www.wrrc.hawaii.edu/directory/faculty-detail/?smid=324) and an Assistant Specialist with the University of Hawai‘i Economic Research Organization (https://uhero.hawaii.edu/people/leah-bremer/). She focuses on interdisciplinary, applied, and problem-driven research related to water and watershed policy and management in Hawaiʻi and Latin America.
View article at University of Hawai‘i News: https://www.hawaii.edu/news/2020/10/22/environmental-policy-people/
The devastating West Coast wildfires highlight the importance of preparation and understanding the threat as it applies to Hawai‘i. To address this, a UH team—lead by Sayed Bateni (Principal Investigator, Associate Professor in Civil and Environmental Engineering and WRRC), Clay Trauernicht (Co-Principal Investigator, Extension Specialist in the Department of Natural Resources), and Tom Giambelluca (Co-Principal Investigator, Director of WRRC)—was awarded nearly $1 million in funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency through partnership and cooperation with the Hawai‘i Emergency Management Agency and UH Mānoa.
View article at University of Hawai‘i News:
Prakit Saingam, Recipient of the 2020 L. Stephen Lau Scholarship
I am very grateful to receive the 2020 L. Stephen Lau Water Research Endowed Scholarship. The scholarship will significantly help to support my PhD study at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa dealing with enterococci and the effect on humans, water monitoring, and the management of water quality.
My educational background began in Bangkok, Thailand. I have been fascinated by the diversity of microbes and their useful applications. In college, I majored in biotechnology and benefitted from experiencing the various disciplines of microbiology. For my graduate studies (Master’s and PhD), I chose to pursue environmental microbiology following my inspiration to apply the knowledge of microbiology to help sustain a clean environment and protect the public health. My research interest is the microbiological quality of waters based on direct pathogen detection. I would like to pursue a career as a researcher and contribute to the field of water quality monitoring.
Ahmed Afifi, the first recipient of the prestigious Doak and Richard Cox Award, is conducting research using novel approaches to forecast evapotranspiration and rainfall for the benefit of Hawai‘i’s farmers and thereby protecting our precious water resources. The real-time decisions on irrigation scheduling are primarily made based on the agricultural water demand (which strongly depends on evapotranspiration) and rainfall predictions. Hence, accurate forecasting of evapotranspiration and rainfall plays a key role in optimal irrigation scheduling and efficient management of water resources. The benefits of this project are (1) scheduling irrigation to optimize crop water use efficiency, (2) reducing farmers’ cost for water and labor, and (3) increasing net returns by enhancing crop yields and quality.
This summer, Ahmed will receive an MS degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, and will enter the PhD program in Fall 2020. He has a bachelor’s degree in construction engineering from the American University in Cairo (AUC) and a master’s degree in environmental law from the University of Denver Sturm College of Law (DU). His passion for water resources emerged while he was an intern with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) focusing on regional water conflicts. His goal is to “further develop water resources forecasting and management plans that would initiate cooperation rather than fuel conflicts.”
Faced with the economic downturn of the local economy with the coronavirus pandemic, it is imperative that Hawai‘i reflects on the past to turn the current situation to our advantage with win-win solutions. We have the opportunity to create and promote jobs that benefit Hawai‘i’s water quality and economy on the whole, not just tourism.
One of the solutions to stabilize the economy and create jobs would also protect the public health, environment, and Hawai‘i’s waters. We propose to jumpstart the cesspool conversion process by creating 400 shovel-ready projects across the state. The goal is to replace 100 of the worst cesspools in the top priority areas in O‘ahu, Maui, Kaua‘i, and the island of Hawai‘i. This would make an impact towards fulfilling the cesspool conversion mandate to update over 88,000 cesspools in Hawai‘i by 2050, and perhaps alleviate future Environmental Protection Agency penalties.
This proposal encompassed months of brainstorming to address urgent needs and long-term goals, with input and expertise from Stuart Coleman (Executive Director and Co-Founder of the non-profit Wastewater Alternatives & Innovations [WAI]), Elizabeth Benyshek (WAI), Roger Babcock (University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa [UHM]), Rachel Solemsaas (HCC), Michael Mezzacapo (UHM), and Thomas Giambelluca (UHM). Contributions were also made by Sea Grant College Program (UHM), UH Community Colleges, and the Wastewater Branch of the Hawai‘i State Department of Health.
Mr. Coleman has a Civil Beat article that further discusses Hawai‘i’s cesspool problem at: https://www.civilbeat.org/2020/07/how-hawaii-can-lead-in-wastewater-management/
Congratulations to WRRC Director Tom Giambellica and colleagues who published “Fire and Rain: The Legacy of Hurricane Lane in Hawai‘i“
During a four-day period in August 2018, Hurricane Lane devastated the Hawaiian Islands despite the category 5 hurricane never making landfall. The record breaking torrential rainfall caused severe flooding and landslides on the islands of Hawai‘i, O‘ahu, and Maui, while the high-intensity winds contributed to multiple wildfires in the drought areas of west Maui and O‘ahu. This study documents the compounding hazards of fire and rain generated from a single storm, what conditions may have contributed to the intensity, and why further research is needed to understand whether this may become more common in the future. The research team was led by University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa (UHM) Atmospheric Sciences Alison Nugent, and team members Ryan Longman (Geography & Environment, UHM; and East-West Center), Clay Trauernicht (Natural Resources and Environmental Management, UHM), Matthew Lucas (Geography & Environment, UHM; and Hawai‘i Data Science Institute, UH), Henry Diaz (Geography & Environment, UHM), and Thomas W. Giambelluca (WRRC Director; and Geography & Environment, UHM). The published study can be found in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.
Photo caption: Hurricane Lane brought heavy rain and strong winds that caused severe flooding in Wailuku River, Hawai‘i, and wildfires on Maui. (Photo credits: Crystal Richard, top photo [August 2018]; Maui Fire Dept., bottom photo )
View SOEST press release:
On Wednesday, June 10 at noon you have the opportunity to watch the latest Voice of the Sea episode and chat online with algae, cesspool, and water quality experts from UH and Wastewater Alternatives & Innovations to learn how invasive algae are being used to detect cesspool contamination.
During this fun and interactive YouTube Watch Party and Live Chat, UH Mānoa’s Dr. Celia Smith and Bri Ornelas, Michael Mezzacapo with Hawai‘i Sea Grant and the UH Water Resources Research Center, and Stuart Coleman with Wastewater Alternatives and Innovations will be available to answer your questions after the episode. This is great for all ages, so please share the information with your students and colleagues!
Congratulations to WRRC/CEE faculty member Sayed Bateni! He received the prestigious and distinguished Fulbright award to Qatar. More than 900 U.S. college and university faculty and administrators are awarded Fulbright awards annually.
This award will be applied to his research: Modeling Heat Waves in Qatar by Merging Remotely Sensed and in-situ Hydrologic Data within Machine Learning Approaches. Qatar is one of the fastest warming areas of the world. Over the past three decades, the air temperature increase in Qatar has accelerated. This air temperature rise is partly due to the rapidly warming shallow sea water in the North of Qatar. The high humidity from the sea water in the north prevents evaporation, making the air warming problem even worse, ultimately causing environmental and weather-related fatalities in Qatar. Heat waves also have negative economic impacts such as damaging agricultural products, depletion of water resources, etc. It is evident that the heat waves in Qatar have a significant impact on its health issues, energy consumption, agriculture, tourism, and economy. This study predicts heat waves duration and intensity in Qatar by merging remotely sensed land surface temperature (LST) and meteorological data within machine learning approaches.
Congratulations to Leah Bremer and colleagues who published “Who are We Measuring and Modeling for? Supporting Multilevel Decision-Making in Watershed Management” in the journal Water Resources Research.
Watershed management for a variety of benefits, including sustaining and enhancing clean and ample water supplies, is becoming more common worldwide. To achieve these ends, watershed management programs need the support of hydrologic data and models that are tailored to decision making contexts and user needs. We interviewed a wide range of participants in water management programs in Brazil and found five key areas where modeling and monitoring can support these programs: (1) inspire action and support, (2) inform investment decisions, (3) engage with potential participants, (4) prioritize location and types of activities at regional to national scales, and (5) evaluate program success.
Leah Bremer is a research faculty member with the Water Resources Research Center (https://www.wrrc.hawaii.edu/directory/faculty-detail/?smid=324) and the University of Hawai‘i Economic Research Organization (https://uhero.hawaii.edu/people/leah-bremer/). She is part of an interdisciplinary international collaborative research project, ClimateWIse, funded by the Belmont Forum, which focuses on understanding the current and future opportunities and challenges for watershed management programs in Brazil and the Andes in the context of climate change.
Link to article:
Blog about article:
Congratulations to WRRC/CEE faculty member Dr. Roger Babcock! He received the distinguished 2020 Board of Regents Medal for Excellence in Teaching from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. He was selected as one of 13 out of nearly 300 campus-wide nominations.
This prestigious award recognizes faculty members for their leadership, subject mastery and scholarship, teaching effectiveness and creativity and personal values that benefit students.
- Article can be found at http://www.cee.hawaii.edu/news/
February 11, 2020
The world is experiencing a variety of effects of global warming, and some parts of Hawaiʻi are seeing a decrease in relative humidity. Those are the unexpected results of research recently published (December 2019 issue in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres) by a team including a PhD candidate in the Department of Geography and Environment Aurora Kagawa-Viviani and WRRC Director Tom Giambelluca.—news release by University of Hawaiʻi News, February 11, 2020.
View article at University of Hawai‘i News: https://www.hawaii.edu/news/2020/02/11/hawaii-seeing-decrease-in-humidity/
December 2019 issue in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres can be found at: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031571
WRRC adjunct faculty, Professor Tomo’omi Kumagai is a Biogeoscientist with The University of Tokyo. Recently, he participated in a two-part international NHK production (with Japan and France) on the “megafires” currently threatening the world. Part 1 focuses on the mechanisms of these fires. Part 2 concentrates on the environmental impacts and explores strategies to stop the fires.
As an expert on rainforests, Professor Kumagai was asked to share his views (in Part 2) on the effects of these devastating fires, specifically in the Amazon, which is accelerating global warming and leading to a climate change crisis.
The following is a link to the NHK World-Japan Documentary page, where the videos can be viewed. See videos: Megafires: Engulfing forests and cities, Part 1 (January 24, 2020) and Megafires: Engulfing forests and cities, Part 2 (January 25, 2020).
A team at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa has been awarded a $900,000 grant by the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) through a program that supports the conservation of private lands through funding projects centered in technology and innovation. The Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) program awarded a total of $12.5 million in 2019 to 19 different projects addressing areas including water quantity, urban agriculture, pollinator habitat, and accelerating the pace and scale of conservation adoption. The goal of CIG is to foster innovation providing solutions to the most pressing issues facing farmers today, using science to support agricultural conservation and sustainability.
UH’s project, “Forecasting daily reference evapotranspiration and rainfall for water resources conservation and sustainable agriculture,” is led by principal investigators Dr. Sayed Bateni of the College of Engineering and the Water Resources Research Center (WRRC), Dr. Jonathan Deenik and Jensen Uyeda of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, and Dr. Aly El-Kadi of the School of Ocean and Earth Science Technology and WRRC. The team aims to demonstrate how farmers can conserve water and be more effective in utilizing water resources by using an innovative new method to model and forecast daily rainfall and evaporation in irrigation areas. The approach centers on using an artificial neural network that breaks down the complex long-term time-series into simpler units, providing more accurate forecasting. — News release (modified) by Kim Perez Hults, UHM College of Engineering, December 20, 2019
Speakers: Celia Smith Ph.D. (Professor, UH Mānoa Botany Department) and Robert Whittier, Environmental Health Specialist with the Hawai’i Department of Health. The lecture will be held on December 3, 2019, from 11:00am-noon in HIG #210.
Dr. Niels Grobbe was honored as the first place recipient of the “Innovation Award,” presented at the Fifth International Conference on Engineering Geophysics (ICEG 2019, a collaboration with the Society of Exploration Geophysicists [SEG]), held in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, October 21–24, 2019. His contribution entitled ‘Seismoelectric Surface Wave Analysis for Characterization of Formation Properties, Using Dispersive Relative Spectral Amplitudes’ was selected as the winning contribution after a highly competitive evaluation procedure, which included a 4-page extended conference abstract, a white paper, letters of recommendation, a 45 minutes presentation, and a 40 minutes Q&A.
As the first place winner, Dr. Grobbe was awarded $10,000.
Dr. Grobbe is an Assistant Researcher in hydrogeophysics and applied geophysics at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, and holds a joint position with the Water Resources Research Center and the Hawai‘i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology. Dr. Grobbe would like to thank his colleague, Dr. Sjoerd de Ridder from the University of Leeds, United Kingdom, for collaborating with him on this exciting innovation.
Photos can be seen on:
Thomas Giambelluca, director of the University of Hawaii’s Water Resources Research Center, said research shows that temperature in Hawaii has been increasing over the past 100 years, and this year, since about May, temperatures have been extreme, with many records broken. (Friday, October 18, 2019)
download at: https://www.wrrc.hawaii.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Honolulu-Star-Advertiser-18-Oct-2019.pdf
The WRRC ohana is proud to announce the appointment of Dr. Thomas W. Giambelluca as its new Director, effective August 1, 2019. Tom succeeds Interim Director Darren T. Lerner, and together they have worked to make the leadership transition as seamless as possible. Tom has an impressive resume of research and accomplishments dealing with the challenge of global environmental change. With an academic background in geography and experience in a variety of leadership positions (most recently, the Associate Director of Social Science Research Institute) and research topics (such as climate variability, interaction between the atmosphere and land surface, and ecosystems), he is uniquely qualified to lead the Center as it moves forward to expand its research capabilities.
Summer 2019 WRRC Faculty Tenure and Promotions
Congratulations to Dr. Marek Kirs and Dr. Sayed Bateni who have achieved tenure and promotion appointments.
Marek Kirs, promotion to Associate Researcher – WRRC
Sayed Bateni, promotion to Associate Professor – WRRC and College of Engineering
The University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Department of Earth Sciences, Hawai‘i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, and Water Resources Research Center offers Summer Fieldschool course: GG 699 Hydrogeophysics in Volcanic Environments.
This program aims to identify and quantify groundwater flow and its distribution in the old stream valley at Makapu‘u on the island of O‘ahu. Participants will be trained in a wide variety of multi-geophysical methods, including ambient noise seismics, nodal-based, true 3D electrical resistivity tomography, and self-potential.
The course covers the entire geophysical workflow, including data acquisition planning, data collection in the field, data processing, imaging, and hydrogeological interpretations. Special emphasis is on the integration of hydrogeophysical data and hydrologic modeling — a skill that is transferable to the reservoir scale in exploration geophysics. Participants will become familiar with the challenges and solutions for data acquisition and imaging in basaltic environments.
Varied Dates: June 2-22, 2019
Course Fee: $226
Course Info: Please contact Niels Grobbe: email@example.com
or call 808-956-5857 for more information.
WRRC Welcomes New Water Resources Outreach Specialist
WRRC is pleased to welcome our newest faculty member, Michael Mezzacapo. He has a joint position with WRRC and the University of Hawaiʻi Sea Grant. As a Water Resources Outreach Specialist, Michael will play a critical role serving as a statewide and regional liaison to government organizations, resource managers, NGOs, community groups, and decision-makers to provide state-of-the-art research information, technology and tools. He will also work in partnership with university staff and stakeholders to develop programs to provide education and collaborative outreach to address pressing water resource challenges across the Pacific region.
Previously, Michael was the 2017-2018 Michigan Sea Grant Fellow at the International Joint Commission in Windsor, Ontario (Canada), where he assisted with public health research, science communications, and contributed to technical reports addressing transboundary water quality between the United States and Canada. Michael holds a Bachelor’s degree from Widener University in Health Science and a Master’s degree in Environmental Studies from Green Mountain College.
In his spare time, you can find him hiking, gardening, cooking and traveling with his partner Ashley. He is also a licensed helicopter pilot and hopes to complete his glider certification in the future.
Please join us in congratulating Michael on his appointment and welcoming him to our WRRC Ohana!
Dr. Roger Babcock Receives 2019 Engineer of the Year Award
Congratulations to Dr. Roger Babcock, Water Resources Research Center and Civil and Environmental Engineering professor, who was awarded the prestigious 2019 Engineer of the Year by the Hawaii Society of Professional Engineers. See featured article in Wiliki O Hawaii, February 2019.
Full Proposals due Friday, April 26, 2019 on eProjects for the 2020-2022 Grant Program for Hawai’i and American Samoa. REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS ARE NOW CLOSED
Water Resources Research Center’s Dr. Sayed Bateni has received a major award from the US Department of Agriculture’s Conservation Innovation Grants program.