RWCS development guidelines: A bridge for private and public sectors’ partnership
The number of rainwater catchment system (RWCS) users has increased all over the world in recent decades. The reasons are many, but the major ones are (1) the concentration of people in cities of developing countries and (2) the greatly increasing demand for water for food production in rural areas, especially in arid and semiarid regions. The population in cities of developing countries has increased from 773 million in 1950 to 2.6 billion in 1995, a 336% increase in just 25 years. This increase has caused frequent water shortages, resulting in the need for more RWCS development. The public sector has become greatly concerned about RWCS development because the private systems were built without building permits or without following building codes. When building private RWCS, individuals need to comply with regulations developed by governmental agencies to ensure that the public health and safety of all citizens are not compromised. Hence, there is a definite need for RWCS development guidelines to bridge the different viewpoints of the private and public sectors. This paper presents the approach that a set of guidelines would be an important bridge for the partnership between the two sectors for RWCS development and management.