Anaerobic-aerobic biofilm-based digestion of chemical contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) and pathogen indicator organisms in synthetic wastewater
Lin, Sara, Kexin Rong, Krishna M. Lamichhane, Roger W. Babcock, Marek Kirs, and Michael J. Cooney
Biosource Technology 299:1-7, 122554, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122554 (2020)
The efficacy of biofilm based anaerobic-aerobic treatment to reduce caffeine, carbamazepine, and three estrogens (Estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), and 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2)), as well as E. coli (CN-13) and F+ specific coliphage (MS2), from synthetic wastewater was investigated. Results showed no observable reduction of carbamazepine by either anaerobic or aerobic biofilms over a dosing period of 51-days followed by an additional 23 days of observation. Caffeine, by contrast, was reduced by 11.09% in the upflow anaerobic packed bed biofilm reactor (UAnPBBR) and by 91.90% in the aerobic trickling filter biofilm reactor (TF). Estrone (E1) and 17β-estradiol (E2) showed minimal reduction in the UAnPBBR but 99.67% reduction in the TF, while EE2 was reduced 1.62% in the AnPBBR and 20.36% in the TF. On average, a 3-log reduction of E. coli (CN-13) and a 1-log reduction of F+ specific coliphage (MS2) concentration was observed across the overall reactor system.